Author Guidelines

MANUSCRIPT FORMAT
Manuscript should be uploaded to JIE system and arranged in standard format, Title, Authors, Address and Email, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Methods, Result and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgment (optional) and Bibliography. Typed at one side of white paper of A4 size, in single column, 1.5 space line, 12 point Tahoma font and should be given line numbers. Margins on all four sides are 2 cm.

MANUSCRIPT TITLE
The title of the paper should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formula where possible. It should be written clearly and concisely describing the contents of the research.

Authors should try to avoid, if possible:
  • Titles that are mere questions without giving the answer.
  • Unambitious titles, for example, starting with "Towards", "A description of", "A characterization of", and "Preliminary study on".
  • Vague titles, for example, starting with "Role of...", "Link between...", and "Effect of..." do not specify the role, link, or effect.
  • Include terms that are out of place, for example, the taxonomic affiliation apart from the species name.

AUTHOR(S) NAME AND AFFILIATION
Manuscript has main author and co authors with full name of the author and co-authors (no abbreviation), includes affiliations address (es) and email addresses clearly.

All names are listed together and separated by commas. Provide exact and correct author names as these will be indexed in official archives. Affiliations should be keyed to the author's name with superscript numbers and be listed as follows: Institut/University/Organisation, Country (without detailed address information such as city zip codes or street names).
Example: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Jalan Raya Tlogomas No. 246 Tlogomas, Babatan, Tegalgondo, Lowokwaru, Malang, East Java, Indonesia, 65144.

ABSTRACT
The abstract comes after title page in the manuscript. Abstract must be integrated and independent which is consist of introduction and purpose, methods, results, conclusion and suggestion. However the abstract should be written as a single paragraph without these headers. For this reason, References should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Abstract must be written using 150 until 200 words which has no reference and accompanied keywords.

As a primary goal, the abstract should render the general significance and conceptual advance of the work clearly accessible to a broad readership. In the abstract, minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references. The word length is not more than 150-250 words, written in English and Indonesia.
Tips:
  • Background of study
  • Aims and scope of the paper
  • Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions

KEYWORDS
The keywords should be avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts. Do not use words or terms in the title as keywords. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not more than 5 words or phrases in alphabetical order.

INTRODUCTION

The introduction is a little different from the short and concise abstract. The reader needs to know the background to your research and, most importantly, why your research is important in this context. What critical question does your research address? Why should the reader be interested?
The purpose of the Introduction is to stimulate the reader's interest and to provide pertinent background information necessary to understand the rest of the paper. You must summarize the problem to be addressed, give background on the subject, discuss previous research on the topic, and explain exactly what the paper will address, why, and how. A good thing to avoid is making your introduction into a minireview. There is a huge amount of literature out there, but as a scientist, you should be able to pick out the things that are most relevant to your work and explain why. This shows an editor/reviewer/reader that you really understand your area of research and that you can get straight to the most important issues.
Keep your Introduction to be very concise, well structured, and inclusive of all the information needed to follow the development of your findings. Do not over-burden the reader by making the introduction too long. Get to the key parts of other paper sooner rather than later.
Tips:
  1. Begin the Introduction by providing a concise background account of the problem studied.
  2. State the objective of the investigation. Your research objective is the most important part of the introduction.
  3. Establish the significance of your work: Why was there a need to conduct the study?
  4. Introduce the reader to the pertinent literature. Do not give a full history of the topic. Only quote previous work having a direct bearing on the present problem. (State of the art, relevant research to justify the novelty of the manuscript.)
  5. State the gap analysis or novelty statement.
  6. Clearly state your hypothesis, the variables investigated, and concisely summarize the methods used.
  7. Define any abbreviations or specialized/regional terms.
Example of novelty statement or the gap analysis statement at the end of Introduction section (after the state of the art of previous research survey): "........ (short summary of background)....... A few researchers focused on ....... There have been limited studies concerned on ........ Therefore, this research intends to ................. The objectives of this research are .........".
Be concise and aware of who will be reading your manuscript and make sure the Introduction is directed to that audience. Move from general to specific; from the problem in the real world to the literature to your research. Lastly, please avoid making a subsection in the Introduction.

METHODS
It should be mention time and place of research in first part. All materials and methods that used such chemical for analysis, treatment and experimental design must be stated clearly and briefly. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lays the foundation for further work. a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis. Materials and methods must be written using 400 until 600 words.

In the Method section, you explain clearly how you conducted your research order to: (1) enable readers to evaluate the work performed and (2) permit others to replicate your research. You must describe exactly what you did: what and how experiments were run, what, how much, how often, where, when, and why equipment and materials were used. The main consideration is to ensure that enough detail is provided to verify your findings and to enable the replication of the research. You should maintain a balance between brevity (you cannot describe every technical issue) and completeness (you need to give adequate detail so that readers know what happened).
Tips:
  1. Define the population and the methods of sampling;
  2. Describe the instrumentation;
  3. Describe the procedures and if relevant, the time frame;
  4. Describe the analysis plan;
  5. Describe any approaches to ensure validity and reliability;
  6. Describe statistical tests and the comparisons made; ordinary statistical methods should be used without comment; advanced or unusual methods may require a literature citation, and;
  7. Describe the scope and/or limitations of the methodology you used.
In the social and behavioural sciences, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow other researchers to adopt or replicate your methodology. This information is particularly important when a new method has been developed or innovative use of an existing method is utilized. Last, please avoid making a subsection in Method.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Result and discussion must be written in the same part. They should be presented continuously start from the main result to the supporting results and equipped with a discussion. Unit of measurement used should follow the prevailing international system. All figures and tables placed separately at the end of  manuscript pages and should be active and editable by editor.

The purpose of the Results and Discussion is to state your findings and make interpretations and/or opinions, explain the implications of your findings, and make suggestions for future research. Its main function is to answer the questions posed in the introduction, explain how the results support the answers and, how the answers fit in with existing knowledge on the topic. The Discussion is considered the heart of the paper and usually requires several writing attempts.

The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the introduction; the discussion should always explain how your study has moved the reader's understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the introduction.
To make your message clear, the discussion should be kept as short as possible while clearly and fully stating, supporting, explaining, and defending your answers and discussing other important and directly relevant issues. Care must be taken to provide commentary and not a reiteration of the results. Side issues should not be included, as these tend to obscure the message.
Tips:
  1. State the Major Findings of the Study;
  2. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why the Findings Are Important;
  3. Support the answers with the results. Explain how your results relate to expectations and to the literature, clearly stating why they are acceptable and how they are consistent or fit in with previously published knowledge on the topic;
  4. Relate the Findings to Those of Similar Studies;
  5. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings;
  6. Implications of the study;
  7. Acknowledge the Study's Limitations, and;
  8. Make Suggestions for Further Research.

CONCLUSION
Conclusion should be explained clearly. Suggestion placed after conclusion contains a recommendation on the research done or an input that can be used directly by consumer. Conclusion and suggestion must be written using 40 until 80 words.

The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points. It is important that the conclusion does not leave the questions unanswered. 

Tips:

  1. State your conclusions clearly and concisely. Be brief and stick to the point;
  2. Explain why your study is important to the reader. You should instil in the reader a sense of relevance;
  3. Prove to the reader, and the scientific community, that your findings are worthy of note. This means setting your paper in the context of previous work. The implications of your findings should be discussed within a realistic framework, and;
For most essays, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two or three paragraph conclusion may be required. Another important thing about this section is (1) do not rewrite the abstract; (2) statements with "investigated" or "studied" are not conclusions; (3) do not introduce new arguments, evidence, new ideas, or information unrelated to the topic; (4)do not include evidence (quotations, statistics, etc.) that should be in the body of the paper.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
The author-year notation system is required and completed. All reference mentioned should be written down in reference using APA Style. Articles have 20-25 recent references or over and 80% is journal. The most of references are primary ones (last ten years). Unpublished data and personal communication should not be cited as literature citations. “In Press” articles that have been accepted for publication may be cited in references. Include in the citation the journal in which the “in press” article will appear and the publication date, if a date is available.

References of your manuscript must be up to date (in the last of 5 to 10 years and minimum of 20 references that 80% of the references is from journal) and your reference can be accessed by anyone. Format of the references for submitting manuscript on this journal with style of APA, which can be done in MS Word. Here are example references format with style of APA. Please input your references using Mendeley Application to facilitate you as an Author. Download Mendeley Application.

Article in a print journal:
Uswatun, U. (2022). Hubungan Masyarakat dan Sekolah dalam Perspektif Islam. Jurnal Nusantara Pendidikan, 4(2), 99-109.
 
Article in an online journal:
Uswatun, U. (2022). Hubungan Masyarakat dan Sekolah dalam Perspektif Islam. Jurnal Nusantara Pendidikan, 4(2), 99-109. https://doi.org/10.25273/jpn.v7i2.1852
 
Article or chapter in a book:
Hambleton, R. K. (2005). Issues, designs, and technical guidelines for adapting tests into multiple languages and cultures. In Adapting educational and psychological tests for cross-cultural assessment (pp. 3-38). Mahwah, NJ, US: Erlbaum.
 
Book:
Baron, R. A. (2013). Human Aggression. Boston, MA: Springer US.
 
Theses and Dissertations:
Mustofa, A. (2022). Peran Organisasi Islam Muhammadiyah Terhadap Pembentukan Karakter Siswa (Theses). Universitas Pancabuana Semarang, Jawa Tengah.